RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis & Machine Intelligence
YR 2007
VO 29
SP 1859
TI Extreme Compression and Modeling of Bidirectional Texture Function
A1 Jiří Filip,
A1 Michal Haindl,
K1 Rough texture
K1 3D texture
K1 texture synthesis
K1 texture modeling
K1 data compression
AB The recent advanced representation for realistic real-world materials in virtual reality applications is the Bidirectional Texture Function (BTF) which describes rough texture appearance for varying illumination and viewing conditions. Such a function can be represented by thousands of measurements (images) per material sample. The resulting BTF size excludes its direct rendering in graphical applications and some compression of these huge BTF data spaces is obviously inevitable. In this paper we present a novel, fast probabilistic model-based algorithm for realistic BTF modeling allowing an extreme compression with the possibility of a fast hardware implementation. Its ultimate aim is to create a visual impression of the same material without a pixel-wise correspondence to the original measurements. The analytical step of the algorithm starts with a BTF space segmentation and a range map estimation by photometric stereo of the BTF surface, followed by the spectral and spatial factorization of selected sub-space color texture images. Single mono-spectral band-limited factors are independently modeled by their dedicated spatial probabilistic model. During rendering, the sub-space images of arbitrary size are synthesized and both color (possibly multi-spectral) and range information is combined in a bump-mapping filter according to the view and illumination directions. The presented model offers a huge BTF compression ratio unattainable by any alternative sampling-based BTF synthesis method. Simultaneously this model can be used to reconstruct missing parts of the BTF measurement space.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 0162-8828
LA English
DO 10.1109/TPAMI.2007.1139
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/TPAMI.2007.1139