RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Pervasive Computing
YR 2005
VO 4
IS
SP 2
TI Swiss Army Knife or Wallet?
A1 M. Satyanarayanan,
K1 design philosophy
K1 Swiss army knife
K1 wallet
K1 mobile devices
AB Today, the cell phone is the dominant mobile device. What comes next? As circuit density improves, we see a convergence of mobile device functionality?cell phones combined with PDAs or with email capability or both. Where do we go from here?
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1536-1268
LA English
DO 10.1109/MPRV.2005.39
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MPRV.2005.39

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Pervasive Computing
YR 2005
VO 4
IS
SP 4
TI T-Engine: Japan's Ubiquitous Computing Architecture Is Ready for Prime Time
A1 Jan Krikke,
K1 ubiquitous computing
K1 real-time operating system
K1 RFID tags
AB Japan is quietly positioning itself for the next phase in digital technology: ubiquitous computing. A sign of things to come is T-Engine, arguably the most advanced ubiquitous computing platform in the world. T-Engine enables the distribution of software resources, including middleware developed on T-Kernel, its compact, real-time operating system. The article discusses the T-Engine Forum, the consortium that built T-Engine, and gives some historical background regarding the technology?s development. It also discusses a related organization, the Ubiquitous ID Center, which provides the infrastructure for managing electronic tags embedded in or attached to objects in a ubiquitous environment. Finally, the article shows a sample of ubiquitous-computing products.<p><em>Also in this department</em>: "Virtual Displays and the Future of Mobile and Portable Devices" by Bernard Cole</p>
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1536-1268
LA English
DO 10.1109/MPRV.2005.40
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MPRV.2005.40

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Pervasive Computing
YR 2005
VO 4
IS
SP 10
TI New Products
A1 Guerney Hunt,
A1 Keith Farkas,
K1 SpinVox
K1 uLocate Communications
K1 FIFA
K1 WIPOQ
K1 Mobile Cam ROB-1
K1 SCH-V770
K1 Toshiba
K1 Easyshare-One
K1 Omnivox
K1 Whispering Window
AB In this column, editors Keith Farkas and Guerney Hunt review a number of smart phone-related products: a service that translates voicemail into text messages and another that enables the tracking of family members, a productivity device that uses a phone as a gateway to the Internet, a remote Bluetooth-enabled camera, a mobile phone equipped with a seven-megapixel camera, and a micro drive for mobile applications. They also review a novel soccer ball, a laptop with a detachable display, a digital camera with WiFi, and a product that enables any hard, flat surface to dissipate sound.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1536-1268
LA English
DO 10.1109/MPRV.2005.35
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MPRV.2005.35

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Pervasive Computing
YR 2005
VO 4
IS
SP 14
TI Autism, Environmental Buffers, and Wearable Servers
A1 Khai N. Truong,
A1 Gillian R. Hayes,
K1 Autism
K1 CWA
K1 CareLog
AB Ubiquitous computing systems often involve infrastructure placed either on the body or in the environment. We've developed a combined wearable and environmental infrastructure for CareLog, a prototype system for capturing and annotating the behavior of children with autism. The infrastructure features a wearable Personal Server, which stores each child's information, and environmental buffers, in this case Internet-isolated cameras that store audio and video streams for short intervals before removing them. CareLog demonstrates an interesting compromise between environmental and wearable infrastructures and takes advantages of some of the best attributes of each.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1536-1268
LA English
DO 10.1109/MPRV.2005.27
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MPRV.2005.27

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Pervasive Computing
YR 2005
VO 4
IS
SP 18
TI Guest Editors' Introduction: The Smart Phone--A First Platform for Pervasive Computing
A1 Gregory D. Abowd,
A1 Liviu Iftode,
A1 Helena Mitchell,
K1 smart phone
K1 mobile devices
AB The mobile or smart phone is ushering in the real age of ubiquitous computing, and we shouldn?t undervalue its importance. This issue highlights work that presents specific smart phone applications as well as programming infrastructure for further development and studies of emergent uses.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1536-1268
LA English
DO 10.1109/MPRV.2005.32
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MPRV.2005.32

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Pervasive Computing
YR 2005
VO 4
IS
SP 20
TI Enabling Pervasive Computing with Smart Phones
A1 George Roussos,
A1 Andy J. Marsh,
A1 Stavroula Maglavera,
K1 mobile telephony
K1 mobile information services
AB <p>The authors discuss their experience with a number of mobile telephony projects carried out in the context of the European Union Information Society Technologies research program, which aims to develop mobile information services. They identify areas where use of smart phones can enable pervasive computing and offer practical advice in terms of lessons learned. To this end, they first look at the mobile telephone as </p><div>* the end point of a mobile information service,</div><div>* the control device for ubiquitous systems management and configuration,</div><div>* the networking hub for personal and body area networks, and</div><div>* identification tokens.</div><p>They conclude with a discussion of business and practical issues that play a significant role in deploying research systems in realistic situations.</p>
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1536-1268
LA English
DO 10.1109/MPRV.2005.30
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MPRV.2005.30

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Pervasive Computing
YR 2005
VO 4
IS
SP 28
TI Social Serendipity: Mobilizing Social Software
A1 Alex Pentland,
A1 Nathan Eagle,
K1 mobile computing
K1 social software
K1 Bluetooth technology
K1 smart phones
AB The Serendipity system senses a social environment and cues informal interactions between nearby users who don?t know each other, but probably should. The system uses Bluetooth hardware addresses to detect and identify proximate people and matches them from a database of user profiles. We show how inferred information from the mobile phone can augment existing profiles, and we present a novel architecture for instigating face-to-face interaction designed to meet varying levels of privacy requirements. Finally, we discuss features that respond to experience in an on-going user study involving 100 subjects.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1536-1268
LA English
DO 10.1109/MPRV.2005.37
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MPRV.2005.37

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Pervasive Computing
YR 2005
VO 4
IS
SP 35
TI Supporting Social Interaction with Smart Phones
A1 Russell Beale,
K1 Mobile computing
K1 smart devices
K1 Bluetooth
K1 wireless communications
K1 social interaction
K1 group communication
K1 pervasive computing
AB The smart phone offers communication, connectivity, content consumption, and content creativity. This powerful device is both personal, containing private information, and public, providing a digital link to the rest of the world. The author has designed, built, and evaluated several systems that support social interaction, enhancing the relationships and communication between individuals and groups. He illustrates how the smart phone?s capabilities can be manipulated to augment traditional interactions and develop new interactions. Pervasive systems become powerful when they improve people's lives; the smart phone's support of social interactions can help achieve this goal.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1536-1268
LA English
DO 10.1109/MPRV.2005.38
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MPRV.2005.38

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Pervasive Computing
YR 2005
VO 4
IS
SP 42
TI The Ubiquitous Camera: An In-Depth Study of Camera Phone Use
A1 Mirjana Spasojevic,
A1 Rowanne Fleck,
A1 Tim Kindberg,
A1 Abigail Sellen,
K1 Camera phone
K1 MMS
K1 Multimedia Messaging Systems
K1 taxonomy
K1 ubiquitous camera
AB This article presents an in-depth study into how people use their camera phones. Using a combined method of interviews and grounded discussions around a sample of actual photos, the study examined people?s intentions at the time of capture and subsequent patterns of use. The result is a six-part taxonomy describing how images are used both for sharing and personal use, and for affective and functional use. The authors also discuss the implications of these findings for future products and services.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1536-1268
LA English
DO 10.1109/MPRV.2005.42
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MPRV.2005.42

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Pervasive Computing
YR 2005
VO 4
IS
SP 51
TI ContextPhone: A Prototyping Platform for Context-Aware Mobile Applications
A1 Antti Oulasvirta,
A1 Hannu Toivonen,
A1 Renaud Petit,
A1 Mika Raento,
K1 location-dependent
K1 pervasive computing
K1 mobile environments
K1 ubiquitous computing
K1 user-centered design
AB ContextPhone is an open-source prototyping platform for context-aware mobile applications. Its development was based on an iterative, human-centered strategy aimed at enabling real-world applications that are easily integrated into users? everyday lives. The strategy included rapid response to feedback from field evaluations. The developers also studied other applications as well as general mobility issues. Their work resulted in prioritized design goals, including an emphasis on context, unobtrusiveness, truthfulness, seamfulness, timeliness and fast interaction. These design goals have been realized in several robust components running on top of the Series 60 Smartphone platform. These components include basic services like error recovery and service starting, sensors for gathering context data, communication channels for interacting with the outside world, and customizable versions of the Smartphone applications. Several real-world applications have been built on top of ContextPhone and the platform is released under an open-source license for use in further research.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1536-1268
LA English
DO 10.1109/MPRV.2005.29
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MPRV.2005.29

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Pervasive Computing
YR 2005
VO 4
IS
SP 60
TI Using Smart Phones to Access Site-Specific Services
A1 Richard Sharp,
A1 David Scott,
A1 Anil Madhavapeddy,
A1 Eleanor Toye,
K1 Situated mobility
K1 Personalisation
K1 Privacy Policy
K1 Camera Phone
K1 Visual Tag
K1 Service Discovery
AB Using smart-phones to access site-specific mobile services can offer users enhanced functionality (for example, personalization and increased access to mobile content) while reducing service deployment and maintenance costs. The authors present the Mobile Service Toolkit (MST), a client-server framework supporting the development of mobile services that interact with users? smart-phones. As case studies, they present two prototype services implemented on top of the MST: a virtual queuing service and a vacation browsing service.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1536-1268
LA English
DO 10.1109/MPRV.2005.44
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MPRV.2005.44

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Pervasive Computing
YR 2005
VO 4
IS
SP 67
TI A Wireless Web for Creating and Sharing Personal Content through Handsets
A1 Nayeem Islam,
A1 Shahid Shoaib,
A1 Manuel Roman,
K1 smart phones
K1 ubiquitous computing
K1 middleware services
K1 group sharing
AB The increasing sophistication of handheld devices, both in terms of processing power and networking capabilities, provides an appropriate infrastructure to host a wireless variant of the WWW. This new variant is a complementary technology that?s highly dynamic and exports information about the users? current context, media generated from the handset such as pictures, and personal data stored in the handset such as calendar entries. The result is a rich contextual digital ecosystem consisting of dynamic information that changes based on users? activities. This WWW variant relies on server functionality running on the handsets to capture context, generate a contextual Web page dynamically, serve the Web page to remote users, and distribute to other users media proactively captured by the user. However, handset heterogeneity and resource limitations might restrict the functionality exported. The authors introduce a flexible middleware infrastructure that?s dynamically partitioned between the handsets and the network and provides functionality to overcome the handset resource limitations. The middleware infrastructure takes into account parameters of the execution environment and adapts dynamically (for example, migrating services or adapting protocols) to compensate changes in the execution environment.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1536-1268
LA English
DO 10.1109/MPRV.2005.25
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MPRV.2005.25

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Pervasive Computing
YR 2005
VO 4
IS
SP 74
TI Using Mobile Phones for Secure, Distributed Document Processing in the Developing World
A1 Tapan S. Parikh,
K1 visual codes
K1 paper user interface
K1 document processing
K1 ICT for development
K1 rural development
K1 India
K1 microfinance
K1 security and usability
K1 design for semi-literate users
AB Although paper plays an essential role in many information ecologies in the developing world, paper-based record keeping can be inefficient and inflexible. The CAM document-processing framework, so called because the phone?s built-in digital camera plays a key role in the user interface, exploits smart mobile phones? utility, usability, and growing ubiquity to link paper with modern information tools. The CAM interface consists of CamForm augmented documents, which users interact with; the CamBrowser mobile phone application, which interprets these documents; and the CamShell scripting language, which ties the two together. CAM is a cost effective and accessible way of providing information services to remote rural areas.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1536-1268
LA English
DO 10.1109/MPRV.2005.43
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MPRV.2005.43

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Pervasive Computing
YR 2005
VO 4
IS
SP 82
TI Mobile Technology, Compensatory Aids, and Usability Evaluations
A1 Vicki Haberman,
A1 James Mueller,
A1 Stavros Garzonis,
A1 Eamonn O'Neill,
A1 Michael Jones,
K1 mobile wireless technology
K1 human-centered design
K1 assessment devices
K1 context-aware mobile devices
K1 mobile phone applications
AB This Works in Progress department features: The Shepherd Center?s use of mobile wireless technology to develop a compensatory aid for individuals with cognitive impairments; and the University of Bath?s research project that seeks to evaluate widely used context-aware mobile services and to develop an efficient method for further evaluation.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1536-1268
LA English
DO 10.1109/MPRV.2005.34
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MPRV.2005.34

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Pervasive Computing
YR 2005
VO 4
IS
SP 84
TI Smart Camera Phones: Limits and Applications
A1 Jonatan Tierno,
A1 Celeste Campo,
K1 Image Processing
K1 Smart Phone
K1 Symbian
K1 J2ME
K1 Applications for Camera Smart Phones
AB The authors review MMAPI technology and explore how users might use their phones' cameras as more than just conventional cameras. Their goal was to understand this technology and its limitations and to clarify what we can (and can?t) achieve with smart camera phones.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1536-1268
LA English
DO 10.1109/MPRV.2005.36
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MPRV.2005.36

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Pervasive Computing
YR 2005
VO 4
IS
SP 88
TI WMCSA 2004: 10 Years of Mobile and Ubiquitous Computing
A1 Sachin Goyal,
K1 WMCSA
K1 Workshop on Mobile Computing Systems and Application
AB The Sixth IEEE Workshop on Mobile Computing Systems and Applications took place in December 2004 in England?s Lake District. WMCSA 2004 continued the trend of a high-quality interactive workshop focused on mobile and ubiquitous applications, systems, and environments, as well as their underlying state-of-the-art technologies.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1536-1268
LA English
DO 10.1109/MPRV.2005.45
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MPRV.2005.45

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Pervasive Computing
YR 2005
VO 4
IS
SP 92
TI A Multiplatform Methodology: Developing Mobile Device Applications
A1 Hassan Artail,
K1 Education and Training
K1 mobile devices
K1 pervasive computing
AB In this column, Hassan Artail describes a senior and graduate course on pervasive computing taught at the American University of Beirut. The course features a strong programming component that includes three different platforms for developing mobile applications.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1536-1268
LA English
DO 10.1109/MPRV.2005.24
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MPRV.2005.24