RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2015
VO 37
IS 1
SP 2
TI From the Editor's DeskK1 ARPANET maps
K1 history of computing
K1 Soviet computing
K1 hobby computing
K1 Indian IT
K1 IBM Sales School
K1 slide rules

AB This issue features articles on the Soviet computer hobby movement of the 1980s, an overview of the history of computing in India in the period 1955-2010, an insightful and very personal history of the IBM Sales School by James Cortada, a look at how technical workers learned to use slide rules in the 19th century, and an analysis of the production and interpretation of early ARPANET maps.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2015.7
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2015.7

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2015
VO 37
IS 1
SP 3
TI Editorial Board
AB Provides a listing of board members, committee members and society officers.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2015.5
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2015.5

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2015
VO 37
IS 1
SP 4
TI Gordon Bell
K1 Computer industry
K1 Biographies
K1 Bell, Gordon
K1 History
K1 Software development
K1 Computer architecture
K1 Computer History Museum
K1 history of computing
K1 Gordon Bell
K1 DEC
K1 PDP
K1 Microsoft Research
K1 Computing and Information Science and Engineering (CISE)
K1 National Research and Education Network (NREN) Plan
K1 MyLifeBits
AB Computer pioneer Gordon Bell has been one of the industry's leading figures for nearly 50 years. A fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences (1994), American Association for the Advancement of Science (1983), ACM (1994), IEEE (1974), and Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering (2009) and a member of the National Academy of Engineering (1977) and National Academy of Science (2007), Bell was also a founding board member of the Computer History Museum. This interview is based on an oral history conducted by Gardner Hendrie for the CHM in June 2005.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2015.9
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2015.9

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2015
VO 37
IS 1
SP 12
TI Red Clones: The Soviet Computer Hobby Movement of the 1980s
K1 Microcomputers
K1 Microprocessors
K1 Consumer electronics
K1 History
K1 Central Processing Unit
K1 Russia
K1 Demoscene
K1 history of computing
K1 microcomputer
K1 microcomputer clone
K1 hobby computer
K1 home computer
K1 computer hobby movement
AB The Soviet microcomputer hobby movement began in the early 1980s. It passed through two main developmental stages before it melted away a decade later, leaving behind a country enchanted with microcomputing. This article traces the development of the movement and assesses its significance and place in the USSR's history of computing.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2015.11
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2015.11

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2015
VO 37
IS 1
SP 24
TI History of Computing in India: 1955-2010
K1 Computer industry
K1 Industries
K1 Government policies
K1 History
K1 India
K1 Software development
K1 government policies and computing development
K1 history of computing
K1 India's computing history
K1 computers and developing country
K1 computing and politics
AB The history of computing in India is inextricably intertwined with two interacting forces: the political climate (determined by the political party in power) and the government policies mainly driven by the technocrats and bureaucrats who acted within the boundaries drawn by the political party in power. There were four break points (which occurred in 1970, 1978, 1991 and 1998) that changed the direction of the development of computers and their applications. This article explains why these breaks occurred and how they affected the history of computing in India.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2015.10
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2015.10

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2015
VO 37
IS 1
SP 36
TI Useful Instruction for Practical People: Early Printed Discussions of the Slide Rule in the US
K1 Instruments
K1 Measurement
K1 Mathematics
K1 History
K1 Volume measurement
K1 18th century mathematics
K1 history of computing
K1 slide rule
K1 manufacturing
K1 early 19th century mathematics
AB Printed accounts of the appearance and use of various forms of slide rule appear in a variety of 18th and early 19th American printed sources. Based largely on British work, these texts reveal both confidence in the practical potential of the instrument and the slow diffusion of the device.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2015.17
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2015.17

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2015
VO 37
IS 1
SP 44
TI The Production and Interpretation of ARPANET Maps
A1 Bradley Fidler,
A1 Morgan Currie,
K1 ARPANET
K1 History
K1 Network topology
K1 Internet
K1 Graphics
K1 Computer architecture
K1 history
K1 history of computing
K1 ARPANET
K1 Internet
K1 visualization
K1 BBN
K1 subnetwork
AB This article explores a 20-year series of ARPANET maps produced by the firm Bolt Beranek and Newman (BBN). These BBN maps signify the earliest efforts to represent an early and central piece of the modern Internet, and they wind up as illustrations in contemporary discussions of ARPANET history and the early Internet. Once a functional tool for engineers, they now serve as an aesthetic backdrop used without explicit recognition of their intended purpose. The authors propose an excavation of their production, design conventions, and symbolic functions. They find that the maps represent a specific technological focus--the subnet--that worked well with the maps' network graph form and also aligned with the map creators' purposes during the network's early years. As a result, the continuities and systematic nature in the maps' form, one so central to the subnet, encourage us to read them from a certain technological perspective based in particular on the network's early, a view that may affect how retrospective histories depict the ARPANET's entire lifetime.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2015.16
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2015.16

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2015
VO 37
IS 1
SP 56
TI "There Is No Saturation Point in Education": Inside IBM's Sales School, 1970s-1980s
K1 Marketing and sales
K1 Companies
K1 Training
K1 Personnel
K1 Engineering profession
K1 History
K1 selling fundamentals
K1 history of computing
K1 IBM
K1 IBM Sales School
K1 structured sales call
K1 signature selling method
AB The author was both a student and an instructor in IBM's training program for newly hired salespeople in the 1970s and 1980s. He describes the training these new hires received, focusing on Sales School, IBM's longest running training program.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2015.1
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2015.1

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2015
VO 37
IS 1
SP 67
TI Andrew V. Haeff: Enigma of the Tube Era and Forgotten Computing Pioneer
A1 Jack Copeland,
A1 Andre A. Haeff,
K1 Electron tubes
K1 Laboratories
K1 Biographies
K1 Haeff, Andrew Vasily Haeff
K1 Computer industry
K1 Patents
K1 radar
K1 history of computing
K1 Andrew Vasily Haeff
K1 vacuum tube
K1 Memory Tube
K1 computer memory technology
K1 defense technology
K1 computer graphics technology
K1 Williams tube
AB Prolific, yet neglected inventor Andrew Vasily Haeff (1905-1990) made numerous contributions to vacuum tube art, including the traveling wave tube, the inductive-output tube, the electron-wave tube (or "double-stream" amplifier), the resistive wall tube, and many others. Haeff's contributions to computing history include his pioneering computer monitor technology, his high-speed electrostatic computer memory tube, and his early work in the display and storage of text and graphics.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2015.2
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2015.2

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2015
VO 37
IS 1
SP 75
TI TENEX and TOPS-20K1 TOPS-20
K1 history of computing
K1 Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC)
K1 BBN
K1 TENEX

AB In the late 1960s, a small group of developers at Bolt, Beranek, and Newman (BBN) in Cambridge, Massachusetts, began work on a new computer operating system, including a kernel, system call API, and user command interface (shell). While such an undertaking, particularly with a small group, became rare in subsequent decades, it was not uncommon in the 1960s. During development, this OS was given the name TENEX. A few years later, TENEX was adopted by Digital Equipment Corporation (DEC) for its new line of large machines to be known as the DECSYSTEM-20, and the operating system was renamed to TOPS-20. The author followed TENEX (or vice versa) on this journey, and these are some reflections and observations from that journey. He touches on some of the technical aspects that made TENEX notable in its day and an influence on operating systems that followed as well as on some of the people and other facets involved in the various steps along the way.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2015.15
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2015.15

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2015
VO 37
IS 1
SP 83
TI Events and SightingsK1 history and philosophy of computing
K1 history of computing
K1 Charles Babbage Institute
K1 National Science Foundation's Trustworthy Computing
K1 cybersecurity
K1 SHOT
K1 SIGCIS

AB This Events & Sightings installment covers a range of recent events focusing on the history of computing.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2015.6
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2015.6

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2015
VO 37
IS 1
SP 87
TI Reviews [4 books reviewed]
K1 Book reviews
K1 Computer industry
K1 History
K1 Digital systems
K1 Informatics
K1 Research and development
K1 René Perret
K1 history of computing
K1 digital computing
K1 military computing
K1 regional computing
K1 history of videogames
K1 museum studies
K1 history of bioinformatics
K1 data sequencing
K1 French computing
K1 Laboratoire d'Automatique de Grenoble
AB This set of Reviews covers Digital State: The Story of Minnesota's Computing Industry by Thomas J. Misa (University of Minnesota Press, 2013); Raiford Guins's Game After: A Cultural Study of Video Game Afterlife (MIT Press, 2014); Hallam Stevens' Life Out of Sequence: A Data-Driven History of Bioinformatics (The University of Chicago Press, 2013); and De la logique câblée au calculateur industriel. Une aventure du Laboratoire d'Automatique de Grenoble by M. Deguerry and R. David (Eda Publishing, 2008).
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2015.12
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2015.12

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2015
VO 37
IS 1
SP 96
TI Augmentative, Alternative, and Assistive: Reimagining the History of Mobile Computing and Disability
K1 History
K1 Tablet computers
K1 Consumer electronics
K1 Communications technology
K1 Assistive technology
K1 Communication aids
K1 electronic communication aids
K1 history of computing
K1 assistive devices
K1 augmentative and alternative communication
K1 disability
AB This article explores the linked histories and sociocultural implications of the Texas Instruments Vocaid and the Apple iPad, two technologies produced by consumer electronics companies and used as assistive devices by nonspeaking individuals. Through this brief case study, the author argues that developments in mobile computing and advancements in electronic communication aids are inherently intertwined through the history of their research, development, commercialization, use, and reuse. Although disability is often underrepresented in the history of computing, it has played, and continues to play, a significant role in how computers augment and provide alternatives to human communication and expression.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2015.3
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2015.3

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2015
VO 37
IS 1
SP c1
TI Front Cover
AB Presents the front cover for this issue of the publication.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2015.8
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2015.8

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2015
VO 37
IS 1
SP c2
TI Table of Contents
AB Presents the table of contents for this issue of the publication.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2015.14
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2015.14

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2015
VO 37
IS 1
SP c3
TI Call for Papers House Advertisement
AB Prospective authors are requested to submit new, unpublished manuscripts for inclusion in the upcoming event described in this call for papers.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2015.4
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2015.4

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2015
VO 37
IS 1
SP c4
TI Startup Rock Stars House Advertisement
AB Prospective authors are requested to submit new, unpublished manuscripts for inclusion in the upcoming event described in this call for papers.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2015.13
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2015.13