RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Transactions on Computers
YR 2004
VO 53
SP 744
TI Dynamic Window-Constrained Scheduling of Real-Time Streams in Media Servers
A1 Karsten Schwan,
A1 Richard West,
A1 Christian Poellabauer,
A1 Yuting Zhang,
K1 Real-time systems
K1 multimedia
K1 window-constraints
K1 scheduling.
AB <p><b>Abstract</b>—This paper describes an algorithm for scheduling packets in real-time multimedia data streams. Common to these classes of data streams are service constraints in terms of bandwidth and delay. However, it is typical for real-time multimedia streams to tolerate bounded delay variations and, in some cases, finite losses of packets. We have therefore developed a scheduling algorithm that assumes streams have <it>window-constraints</it> on groups of consecutive packet deadlines. A window-constraint defines the number of packet deadlines that can be missed (or, equivalently, must be met) in a window of deadlines for consecutive packets in a stream. Our algorithm, called Dynamic Window-Constrained Scheduling (DWCS), attempts to guarantee no more than <tmath>x</tmath> out of a <it>window</it> of <tmath>y</tmath> deadlines are missed for consecutive packets in real-time and multimedia streams. Using DWCS, the delay of service to real-time streams is bounded, even when the scheduler is overloaded. Moreover, DWCS is capable of ensuring independent delay bounds on streams, while, at the same time, guaranteeing minimum bandwidth utilizations over tunable and finite windows of time. We show the conditions under which the total demand for bandwidth by a set of window-constrained streams can exceed 100 percent and still ensure all window-constraints are met. In fact, we show how it is possible to strategically skip certain deadlines in overload conditions, yet fully utilize all available link capacity and guarantee worst-case per-stream bandwidth and delay constraints. Finally, we compare DWCS to the "Distance-Based” Priority (DBP) algorithm, emphasizing the trade-offs of both approaches.</p>
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 0018-9340
LA English
DO 10.1109/TC.2004.10
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/TC.2004.10