RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2013
VO 35
IS 4
SP 31
TI myComputer [advertisement]
AB Advertisement.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2013.60
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2013.60

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2013
VO 35
IS 4
SP 86
TI Reviews [4 books reviewed]
K1 Book reviews
K1 History
K1 Computer indsutry
K1 Paul E. Ceruzzi
K1 Book reviews
K1 History
K1 Computer indsutry
K1 James Cortada
K1 history of computing
K1 Michael Mahoney
K1 Thomas Haigh
K1 Elysium
AB This set of Reviews covers Michael Mahoney's Histories of Computing (Harvard University Press, 2011), the 2013 movie Elysium, Paul E. Ceruzzi's Computing: A Concise History (MIT Press, 2012), and James Cortadas The Digital Flood (Oxford University Press, 2012).
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2013.53
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2013.53

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2013
VO 35
IS 4
SP 18
TI Early Language and Compiler Developments at IBM Europe: A Personal Retrospection
K1 History
K1 Computer languages
K1 Program processors
K1 Programming
K1 Hursley
K1 History
K1 Computer languages
K1 Program processors
K1 Programming
K1 La Gaude
K1 history of computing
K1 IBM
K1 compilers
K1 Algol 60
K1 PL/I
K1 Boeblingen
AB Until about 1970, programming languages and their compilers were perhaps the most active system software area. Because of its technical position at that time, IBM made significant contributions to this field. This retrospective concentrates on two languages, Algol 60 and PL/I, because with them compiler development reached an historical peak within IBM's European laboratories. The Boeblingen, Hursley, and La Gaude labs were involved in compiler projects for a period of 10 to 15 years. This article considers the development of programming in general, the author's experience, and the responsibility of the different laboratories. As a consequence of IBM's "unbundling"' decision in 1969, programming language activity within IBM's European laboratories decreased considerably, and other software activities were initiated. Some of the lessons learned at that time are still useful today.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2013.31
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2013.31

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2013
VO 35
IS 4
SP 82
TI Events and SightingsK1 J.A.N. Lee
K1 Computer Pioneers
K1 history of computing
K1 computing museums
K1 Computer History Museum
K1 Science Museum London
K1 Computer Society History Committee

AB This Events & Sightings installment covers a range of recent events focusing on the history of computing. Mai Sugimoto recaps the "Making the History of Computing Relevant" conference held at the Science Museum in South Kensington, London, in June 2013. David Walden provides an update on IEEE Computer Society History Committee activities, including the re-release of J.A.N. Lee's classic book Computer Pioneers. Dag Spicer also reviews activities and developments at the Computer History Museum in Mountain View, California, over the last year.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2013.50
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2013.50

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2013
VO 35
IS 4
SP c3
TI Computing Now House Advertisement
AB Advertisement.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2013.47
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2013.47

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2013
VO 35
IS 4
SP 69
TI Burroughs Algol at Stanford University, 1960-1963
K1 Biographies
K1 History
K1 Educational institutions
K1 Program processors
K1 Educational institutions
K1 BALGOL
K1 Biographies
K1 History
K1 Educational institutions
K1 Program processors
K1 Educational institutions
K1 Burroughs Algol
K1 history of computing
K1 academic computing
K1 compiler design
K1 programming technology
K1 Stanford University
AB The decade between 1955 and 1965 brought a revolution to academic computing, both technologically and socially. As core memory replaced electrostatic memory while transistors replaced vacuum tubes, computers advanced from flakey and difficult-to-maintain devices to reliable appliances. At the same time (and partially as a consequence), the academic use of computing expanded rapidly, computing centers became increasingly essential facilities on every campus, and computer science began to gain acceptance as a legitimate academic discipline. This Anecdote recounts the author's experience during this dramatic shift in academic computing at Stanford University during the period between 1960 and 1963. It also records a chapter in the early development of compiler design and programming technology.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2013.45
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2013.45

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2013
VO 35
IS 4
SP c2
TI Table of Contents
AB Presents the table of contents for this issue of this magazine.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2013.54
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2013.54

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2013
VO 35
IS 4
SP 5
TI Appropriation and Independence: BTM,Burroughs, and IBM at the Advent of the Computer Industry
K1 Business
K1 Companies
K1 Consumer electronics
K1 Marketing and sales
K1 Computer industry
K1 business machinery
K1 Business
K1 Companies
K1 Consumer electronics
K1 Marketing and sales
K1 Computer industry
K1 history of business computing
K1 history of computing
K1 IBM
K1 British Tabulating Machine Company
K1 BTM
K1 Burroughs
AB Comparisons between the early British and US computer industries invariably have focused on the differential development of the British Tabulating Machine Company (BTM) and IBM. In this article, the author seeks to refocus examination of BTM (and comparisons of it to IBM) within the context of an American competitor somewhat similar in size, customer base, and organizational capabilities in electronics to BTM: Burroughs Corporation. The cases of BTM and Burroughs demonstrate the complexity of coordinating international R&D joint ventures, the struggle to create advanced products in an emerging technology while preserving existing revenue streams, and the cultural and technical hurdles involved in assimilating R&D resources from acquisitions in a rapidly changing technologically based industry.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2013.32
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2013.32

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2013
VO 35
IS 4
SP 55
TI Membership [advertisement]
AB Advertisement.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2013.59
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2013.59

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2013
VO 35
IS 4
SP c4
TI Digital Magazines House Advertisement
AB Advertisement.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2013.48
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2013.48

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2013
VO 35
IS 4
SP 96
TI Computers, Information, and Everyday Life
K1 History
K1 Information retrieval
K1 Information technology
K1 Search engines
K1 Search methods
K1 everyday information
K1 History
K1 Information retrieval
K1 Information technology
K1 Search engines
K1 Search methods
K1 information search
K1 history of computing
K1 information seeking
K1 information technology
K1 information and communications technology
AB One way to view the literature on the history of computing is to consider the function of the computing device that comes under historical investigation. However, new uses of computers supplement rather than supplant old uses of computers. For example, we still have scientific calculators, business database machines, and personal computers in the modern era. This article focuses on the computer as a personal machine as a device to gather information through email and Web searches, and hence the focus is on the period starting in the early 1990s and carrying forward to the present. Historians of computing are typically focused on information technology (including its uses), while information science scholars often focus instead on information and its organization, even if information technology plays an important supporting role. The particular concern in this case study is everyday information-seeking behavior, or everyday information for short.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2013.46
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2013.46

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2013
VO 35
IS 4
SP 4
TI [Masthead]
AB Provides a listing of current staff, committee members and society officers.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2013.58
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2013.58

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2013
VO 35
IS 4
SP 2
TI From the Editor's DeskK1 Apple
K1 history of computing
K1 microcomputer industry
K1 IBM
K1 British Tabulating Machine
K1 IBM salesmen
K1 IBM sales organization
K1 computer hardware
K1 microcomputing
K1 computer dealer demos
K1 Burroughs
K1 Intel
K1 Commodore
K1 Atari

AB This issue features several articles that discuss different perspectives on evolving computer industry strategies. Specifically, the issue includes a comparison of the innovation strategies by Burroughs and the British Tabulating Machine (BTM) by Jeffrey Yost, two internal perspectives on important elements of IBM's strategy beyond innovation and production of computer hardware by Albert Endres and James W. Cortada, a history of Intel's strategic decisions regarding its position in the emerging microcomputing market from the 1970s by Zbigneiw Stachniak, and Patryk Wasiak's look at marketing strategies in the consumer-focused microcomputer industry of the 1980s.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2013.51
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2013.51

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2013
VO 35
IS 4
SP 32
TI "Carrying a Bag": Memoirs of an IBM Salesman, 1974-1981
K1 Computers
K1 Marketing and sales
K1 Employment
K1 Professional aspects
K1 4300s
K1 Computers
K1 Marketing and sales
K1 Employment
K1 Professional aspects
K1 branch offices
K1 IBM Data Processing Division
K1 IBM marketing representative
K1 systems engineers
K1 field engineers
K1 IBM sales plan
K1 System 370
AB This article is the memoir of an IBM salesman working in the Data Processing Division, 1974-1981. This was a Golden Age for account management, sales of mainframes, all during the period of IBM's antitrust suit. The author provides insights into the operations and culture of IBM's sales history.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2013.42
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2013.42

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2013
VO 35
IS 4
SP 56
TI Computer Dealer Demos: Selling Home Computers with Bouncing Balls and Animated Logos
K1 History
K1 Computers
K1 Marketing and sales
K1 Advertising
K1 Home computing
K1 advertisement
K1 History
K1 Computers
K1 Marketing and sales
K1 Advertising
K1 Home computing
K1 computer graphics
K1 history of computing
K1 home computer
K1 demonstration
K1 marketing
K1 user community
AB Computer dealer demos, such as Boing Ball for the Commodore Amiga, were used to impress trade show audiences and retail customers. Dealer demos, such as those used by Commodore International, Atari, and Apple, illustrate how the home computer was socially constructed as a consumer commodity through the interdependent activities of software companies and user communities rather than simply through the marketing strategies of the hardware industry.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2013.16
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2013.16

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2013
VO 35
IS 4
SP 74
TI Edward Feigenbaum
K1 Awards
K1 Interviews
K1 Feigenbaum, Edward
K1 computer-human interfaces
K1 Awards
K1 Interviews
K1 Feigenbaum
K1 Edward
K1 human-computer interaction
K1 history of computing
K1 Edward Feigenbaum
K1 artificial intelligence
K1 Herbert Simon
K1 Allen Newell
K1 expert systems
K1 Fifth Generation Project
K1 machine learning
K1 knowledge engineering
AB Edward Feigenbaum, the recipient of the 2013 Pioneer Award, is one of the founders of the field of artificial intelligence and has been one of its leaders for more than 50 years. He became aware of the birth of AI when he was an undergraduate at Carnegie Tech (later, Carnegie Mellon University). Continuing to graduate school there, he was mentored by Herbert Simon, and he also collaborated with Allen Newell. His career has taken him from Carnegie to the University of California, Berkeley, Stanford University, RAND, and the Pentagon. Feigenbaum has also authored and coedited several seminal AI books: Computers and Thought (1963), The Fifth Generation (1983), and the four-volume Handbook of Artificial Intelligence (1980s). In this interview, David Alan Grier and Feigenbaum talk about his career, his mentor Herbert Simon, and the development of AI.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2013.49
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2013.49

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2013
VO 35
IS 4
SP 48
TI This Is Not a Computer: Negotiating the Microprocessor
K1 History
K1 Microcomputers
K1 Microprocessors
K1 development system
K1 History
K1 Microcomputers
K1 Microprocessors
K1 microcomputer
K1 history of computing
K1 Intel
K1 microprocessor
AB The Intel 4004 μ-Computer is the earliest known microprocessor-based hardware distributed by Intel. This article relates the information concerning the 4004 μ-Computer in an effort to gain a more complete historical perspective on the liminal period in the corporate history of Intel when, soon after the introduction of its first microprocessor, the company was wrestling with the "one-chip CPU--computer or component?" dilemma and tried to position itself in the emerging microcomputing market that it helped to create.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2013.15
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2013.15

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2013
VO 35
IS 4
SP c1
TI Front Cover
AB Presents the front cover for this issue of the magazine.
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2013.52
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2013.52

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2013
VO 35
IS 4
SP 90
TI 2013 Annual Author and Subject Index
AB 2013 Annual Author and Subject Index
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2013.57
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2013.57