RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2011
VO 33
IS 3
SP 80
TI Reviews of ["Tom Green, Bright Boys" (Peters, A.K.; 2010) and "Makers of the Microchip: A Documentary History of Fairchild Semiconfuctor" (Lecuyer, C. and Brock, D.C.; 2010)]
A1 David Walden,
A1 David L. Morton,
A1 undefined,
A1 undefined,
A1 undefined,
A1 undefined,
K1 Book reviews
K1 Engineering profession
K1 Computer science education
K1 Semiconductor devices
K1 Annals
K1 book reviews
AB Two books are reviews: "Tom Green, Bright Boys" (Peters, A.K.; 2010) and "Makers of the Microchip: A Documentary History of Fairchild Semiconfuctor" (Lecuyer, C. and Brock, D.C.; 2010).
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2011.59
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2011.59

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2010
VO 33
IS
SP 46
TI Implications of Historical Trends in the Electrical Efficiency of Computing
A1 Henry Wong,
A1 Jonathan G. Koomey,
A1 Stephen Berard,
A1 Marla Sanchez,
K1 history of computing
K1 electrical efficiency
K1 power usage
K1 computer performance
K1 Moore's law
K1 mobile computing
AB <p>The electrical efficiency of computation has doubled roughly every year and a half for more than six decades, a pace of change comparable to that for computer performance and electrical efficiency in the microprocessor era. These efficiency improvements enabled the creation of laptops, smart phones, wireless sensors, and other mobile computing devices, with many more such innovations yet to come. The Web Extra appendix outlines the data and methods used in this study.</p>
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2010.28
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2010.28

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2010
VO 33
IS
SP 55
TI Hasselblad and the Shift to Digital Imaging
A1 Christian Sandström,
K1 History of computing
K1 Hasselblad
K1 digital imaging
K1 photography
K1 disruptive innovation
K1 microelectronics
K1 technology
K1 management
AB <p>Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, the high-end Swedish camera manufacturer Hasselblad struggled to integrate its product lines with emerging digital imaging technology. Hasselblad's history illustrates how digital technology emerges in various high-end niche applications and later enters the mainstream markets and displaces incumbents. The Hasselblad case exemplifies how incumbent firms encounter difficulties when such technologies render their skills and products obsolete.</p>
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2010.45
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2010.45

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2010
VO 33
IS
SP 22
TI Scale and Scope in American Key-Set Office Machine Dynamics, 1880s&#x2013;1930s
A1 Lars Heide,
K1 history of computing
K1 key-set office machines
K1 typewriters
K1 adding machines
K1 multiplication machines
K1 cash registers
K1 punched-card machines
K1 industrial competition
K1 Burroughs
K1 Felt &#x0026; Tarrant
K1 Remington
K1 National Cash Register Company
K1 Herman Hollerith
K1 IBM
K1 Remington Rand
AB <p>Industrial production of office machines emerged in the 1880s and grew extensively until the Second World War. Although sales and applications of punched-card machines expanded in the interwar years, the key-set office machine industry lost dynamics and ultimately collapsed. The lack of scale and scope improvements in the development of key-set office machines was the major reason for this sharp contrast.</p>
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2010.43
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2010.43

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2010
VO 33
IS
SP 4
TI Why the Arpanet Was Built
A1 Stephen J. Lukasik,
K1 history of computing
K1 networking
K1 Department of Defense
K1 ARPA
K1 ARPANET
K1 Internet
K1 collaborative computing
AB <p>The who, what, when, and how of the Arpanet is usually told in heroic terms&#x2014;Licklider's vision, the fervor of his disciples, the dedication of computer scientists and engineers, the work of graduate students, and so forth. Told by one of the key actors in this salient part of US and Internet history, this article addresses why the Arpanet was built.</p>
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2010.11
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2010.11

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2010
VO 33
IS
SP 32
TI The Development of Cash-Dispensing Technology in the UK
A1 Robert J.K. Reid,
A1 Bernardo Batiz-Lazo,
K1 history of computing
K1 cash dispensers
K1 ATMs
K1 history
K1 financial data processing
K1 patents
K1 research and development
K1 user interfaces
K1 United Kingdom
AB <p>The success of currency dispensers in the 1960s was the technological precondition for the now omnipresent automated teller machines (ATMs). An examination of the three earliest separate instances of cash-dispensing technology not only illuminates the history of this device but demonstrates how users&#x2014;in this case banks&#x2014;shape and direct technological change.</p>
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2010.3
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2010.3

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2011
VO 33
IS
SP 74
TI Host Tables, Top-Level Domain Names, and the Origin of Dot Com
A1 Elizabeth (Jake) Feinler,
K1 history of computing
K1 Elizabeth Feinler
K1 Arpanet
K1 Arpanet Host Table
K1 domain naming system
K1 top-level domains
K1 DARPA
K1 dot com
K1 Defense Communications Agency
K1 SRI
AB <p>From as far back as 1971, the Arpanet Network Information Center (NIC) at Stanford Research Institute (now SRI International or SRI), located in Menlo Park, California, maintained the official Arpanet Host Table. This work was carried out under contract to DARPA. Later, the same activity was carried out by the NIC for the Defense Communications Agency (DCA) and the Defense Data Network (DDN), of which the Arpanet eventually became one segment. In this Anecdote article, Elizabeth (Jake) Feinler describes the organizations and people involved in the early efforts at naming and addressing, in particular the transition to the domain naming system (DNS) and the origin of the top-level domains (TLDs).</p>
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2011.58
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2011.58

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2011
VO 33
IS
SP 82
TI Events and Sightings
A1 Chigusa Kita,
K1 history of computing
K1 Vintage Computer Festival East 7.0
K1 InfoAge Science Center
K1 homebrew computing
K1 hobbyist computing
K1 Gary Chapman
K1 Computer Professionals for Social Responsibility
AB <p>This Events &#x0026; Sightings installment covers the History of Computers Exhibition at Hiroshima City Library and recaps the Vintage Computer Festival East 7.0, an annual gathering of hobbyists that takes place at the InfoAge Science Center in Wall, New Jersey. This Events &#x0026; Sightings also includes an obituary for Gary Chapman, former senior lecturer at the LBJ School of Public Affairs at the University of Texas at Austin; director of the LBJ School's 21st Century Project, which centers on expanding public participation in science and technology; and associate director of the Telecommunications and Information Policy Institute.</p>
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2011.54
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2011.54

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2011
VO 33
IS
SP 86
TI Control in the History of Computing: Making an Ambiguous Concept Useful
A1 Gustav Sjoblom,
K1 History of computing
K1 control
AB <p>Computing and control are deeply intertwined. As a theory and practice of engineering, control was a main impetus for the emergence of modern computing in the 1940s. With its broad connotations of mastery and steering, control seems intuitively applicable to many of computers' uses. With versatility, however, comes ambiguity. The concept has been applied to a range of disparate phenomena, at different levels of abstraction. This article gives seven definitions of control and shows that the theme and the diversity of control is relevant to the social history of computing. However, historians of computing should be careful to distinguish between literal and metaphorical use and between different aspects of control.</p>
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2011.53
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2011.53

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2011
VO 33
IS
SP 2
TI From the Editor's Desk
A1 Jeffrey R. Yost,
K1 History of computing
K1 Lars Heide
K1 Arpanet
K1 J.C.R. Licklider
K1 DoD
K1 key-set office machine
K1 cash-dispensing machines
K1 ATMs
K1 electrical efficiency
K1 CPUs
K1 Hasselblad
K1 digital imaging
AB <p>Editor in Chief Jeffrey R. Yost announces the appointment of Dr. Lars Heide as the new editor in chief of the <it>Annals</it>, beginning in January 2012. A current member of the <it>Annals</it> editorial board, Heide has made strong contributions to the literature on the history of computing for more than two decades. This <it>Annals</it> issue includes an article on the basis and context of the Arpanet project as well as articles on the first half-century of the American key-set office machine trade (by Heide), the development of cash-dispensing machines in the UK, an examination of historical trends of electrical efficiency in computing, and the history of Swedish camera manufacturer Hasselblad's early and continuing work in digital imaging.</p>
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2011.55
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2011.55

RT Journal Article
JF IEEE Annals of the History of Computing
YR 2011
VO 33
IS
SP 67
TI Willis H. Ware
K1 history of computing
K1 Willis Ware
K1 Institute for Advanced Study
K1 RAND
K1 AFIPS
K1 Johniaac
K1 John von Neumann
K1 information security
K1 computer privacy
AB <p>This inaugural installment of the Annals Interviews column includes an interview with Willis Ware, who has been involved in digital computing since the mid-1940s. Ware had a knack for being at the right place at the right time and was involved in several important steps in the spread of digital computing. His professional experience includes Hazeltine Electronics Corporation (1942&#x2013;1946), Institute for Advanced Study (1946&#x2013;1951), North American Aviation (1951&#x2013;1952), and RAND (1952&#x2013;1992). He was also the first president of the American Federation of Information Processing Societies (AFIPS) and chair of the Special Advisory Committee on Automated Personal Data Systems, which developed policy recommendations that funneled into the Privacy Act of 1974.</p>
PB IEEE Computer Society, [URL:http://www.computer.org]
SN 1058-6180
LA English
DO 10.1109/MAHC.2011.60
LK http://doi.ieeecomputersociety.org/10.1109/MAHC.2011.60